India is rich in wildlife with its exclusive, fascinating and diverse ecosystem. Wildlife includes any animal, aquatic or land vegetation which forms part of any habitat. India is among the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the world. Country’s wildlife is extended over the evergreen forests of North East India to barren deserts of Rajasthan and from alpine forests of Himalaya to the Western Ghats.
India has an age old culture that considers human as a part of nature rather than as its masters; that displays a higher degree of equitableness for other life forms in contrast to any other part of the world. Partly as a result - and partly due to India's colonial past - several excellently protected nature reserves have been sanctioned during the last three decades. These now cover about 4% of the land area. However, there are threatening challenges to 'saving wildlife' in India - a billion strong human population largely dependent on land-based occupations; high degree of reliance on biomass for fuel, energy and structural materials; excessive livestock densities - all now supplemented by a modern consumerist economy growing at 6% a year; rapidly changing cultures and attitudes towards wildlife. However, the major social and ecological revolution that we are now seeing in rest of the tropical world had existed in India over a 1000 years ago.
There is a general lack of knowledge in the field of conservation of nature and the values and benefits of wildlife in our country. The Government of India has always been sensitive and taken several initiatives towards preservation of forests and wildlife in the country from time to time.
So, Indian Environmental Society Organize Nature Trail in Wild Life Sanctuaries/Parks/Forest areas to know about the Bio-diversity; and seminars/symposiums to make the youth think and come out with a charter with their novel ideas on the things they think they can do to contribute in Wildlife conservation. Also, to brainstorm on the policy changes that we need in India for better management of our wildlife; To emphasize the fact that a lot of wildlife exists in cities like Delhi, and we can contribute significantly to conserve it.