Conservation of biodiversity has always been an objective of environment education. IES has expertise in and has done a wide range of activities in this area. It coordinated the ‘Education, Awareness and Training' Semiars/workshops on National Biodiversity Conservation. Several of its Ecodevelopment Programmes looked at biodiversity conservation as a major thrust. There have been many school programmes, manuals and training programmes which had, and have, biodiversity as the focus area.